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Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal cord injuries may be divided into two main categories: incomplete and complete.

Complete spinal cord injuries are those that result in total paraplegia or tetraplegia. Complete paraplegia is a permanent loss of nerve function at or below T1 level, which manifests itself in the loss of sensation and movement of the legs, bladder, bowel and sexual organs. Complete tetraplegia also includes the loss of arm and hand movement, and some tetraplegics may require the assistance of a ventilator.

Incomplete spinal cord injuries are much more varied, usually involving some degree of loss of sensation and movement below the spot affected by the injury. Examples include:

  • Anterior cord syndrome. These injuries involve damage to the front of the spinal cord, which results in impaired touch, temperature and pain below the point of injury. There is the possibility to recover some movement.
  • Central cord syndrome. These injuries involve damage to the center of the spinal cord, with a loss of arm function and possibly some leg function. It is possible to make some type of physical recovery.
  • Posterior cord syndrome. These injuries involve damage to the rear of the spinal cord. The result is good sensation regarding pain, power and temperature, but a loss of coordination.
  • Brown-Sequard syndrome. These injuries include damage to one side of the spinal cord, which leads to some preserved sensation on one side, but impaired movement on the other — with the reverse damage on the other side of the body.
  • Cauda Equina lesion. This is an injury to a bundle of nerves located in between the first two lumbar regions in the spine, which results in a complete or partial loss of sensation. In some situations, victims may recover their function if the nerves regrow.

To learn more about the types of spinal cord injuries and how to move ahead with a personal injury claim, work with the Brooklyn attorneys at Rubenstein & Rynecki. Call us today at 718-522-1020 or contact us online.

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